Typhoon 2013 in Philippines, update

Before and after
Before and after

UPDATE, November 2014:

During the last year AMURT’s reconstruction teams, under the capable leadership of local civil engineers, have built 39 new classrooms and repaired 189 classrooms in 108 schools in East Samar. Not only did AMURT rebuild and repair, but it upgraded entire school campuses. In addition, AMURT has renovated or constructed 23 daycare centers.

AMURT construction teams have been rebuilding individual homes in the barangays of Agnaya and Asgad. A total of 116 homes are being rebuilt and 59 homes are being repaired. AMURT offered the beneficiaries design choices, to give their homes a personalized feel.

An estimated 33 million coconut trees were destroyed by Typhoon Yolanda, wiping out the livelihood of many already poor famers. AMURT rebuilt and improved the municipal demonstration farm, which serves as a source of seeds and organic fertilizers for local farmers (with the capacity to generate 20 tons of fertilizer each month).

AMURT staff worked with local farmers to form 33 new farmers’ associations, and to unite all the associations into a farmers’ federation that serves 1900 farmers. The federation distributes essential farming inputs to the farmers, and purchases and markets their produce, thereby cutting out the middle men.

The demonstration farm provides farmers with new technologies and new possibilities
The demonstration farm provides farmers with new technologies and new possibilities

Typhoon Relief in Philippines, 2013
AMURT has forged a highly productive relationship with the mayor and his team in what has become an exemplary private-public partnership. Right from the beginning, when AMURT was still mobilizing resources, the spirit of cooperation prevailed, with the mayor providing AMURT with vehicles and warehouse space.

AMURT & AMURTEL relief teams are working on five islands serving tens of thousands of people and are expanding operations to assist more communities affected by Super-Typhoon Haiyan, known locally as Yolanda.

The typhoon devastated wide swathes of the central Philippines and has displaced 4 million people. The official death toll continues to rise well over 5000, making it the deadliest natural disaster in the country’s history. Thousands are still missing and more than a million houses have been totally or partly destroyed.

AMURT relief teams on Leyte, Panay and Bantayan islands, and another in northern Cebu province, have all been providing cooked food and bottled water; a further team on Samar island assessed the worst-affected areas in preparation for a possible longer-term recovery intervention.

In Tacloban AMURT has 22 stoves operating around the clock, the only source of cooked food and rice for the homeless and hungry survivors of the disaster. In some outlying areas, AMURT also provided basic medical care to the many people with injuries that remained untreated due to the lack of medical supplies.

AMURT’s local volunteer base is unique, says Visayas Relief Coordinator John Fields. “Like in the earthquake, we were definitely the only ones giving cooked food; NGOs usually only collect and distribute because cooking is too much work, but cooked food is a really, really good thing.”

AMURT has established a base in what remains of Tacloban’s City Hall, but has also been expanding feeding programs to many far-flung towns around the city. A recent supply shipment, escorted by the military, included diesel fuel for trucks to reach more distant places.

“You can’t get gas there so easily”, observes John.

In northern Cebu province, many young children attending AMURT feedings told staff that their schools are ruined and they’ve just been cleaning: a task especially difficult without electricity or water. The whole community is dependent upon sending a truck for drinking water once a day; there’s no other water available for personal hygiene use.

One child said, “It’s difficult because of no water, no house and our farms are totally destroyed.”

Security has naturally been a concern due to people’s desperation, but response to AMURT teams has been very positive.

“Of course – how are they going to steal cooked food from us?”, points out John. “We do have to be very secretive where our supplies are. All of our team members are coming from other cities, because if the local people find out where our food is, yeh, then it is a bit dangerous.”

He shares his experience of people’s spirit in northern Cebu: “They have prayers and then they’re cheering. It’s almost like there was no problem. It’s like a celebration for them in the midst of their agony – and it is agony; their lives are horrible. But, when we give them the cooked food, it is a big sunrise in their life for the time being.”

Donations and other offers of help for the relief effort have poured in from all over the world. The government estimates the total reconstruction cost at up to $6 billion.

Kurt Behringer, AMURT’s recovery specialist, led a team conducting an assessment of a more isolated area of the country out of the media spotlight. They landed by plane in Guiuan, in south-east Samar. It was here that the super-typhoon first made landfall.

Travelling up the coast through six towns, to Borongan, they documented very extensive destruction as far north as Balangkayan. The mayor of Salcedo reported 30 dead and in the Hernani area, which has 3 barangays (towns), housing was 100% devastated. Even concrete houses were beyond repair and often unrecognisable, with just a foundation remaining.

100% of the fishing boats were destroyed, threatening their local economies long term. Locals described three gigantic surge waves that came at the time of the typhoon, wiping out almost everything in their path.

AMURT is exploring ways to help these communities rebuild. Support for affected children, housing, and measures to restore local economic capacity are all urgently needed.



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